Please, I need someone to help me to correct any grammatical errors in my research’s abstract.?

Please help me to correct any grammatical errors in this abstract:

"Background: Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are fairly common health problems found in medical practice. Antibiotics are often used as primary therapy to cope with urinary tract infections. The use of antibiotics may be experiencing problems due to bacterial resistance to antibiotics used. Ceftriaxone and cefotaxime are commonly used to treat urinary tract infections because of their broad spectrum of antibacterial activity that includes gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria. With this study, the patterns of bacterial sensitivity towards ceftriaxone and cefotaxime were expected to be obtained, so the use of insensitive antibiotics can be avoided to prevent ineffective antibiotic use.

Methods: This is a non-experimental descriptive-analytic study with cross-sectional analytic study design. This research was using the Urine Culture and Bacterial Sensitivity Testing data result of the patients with UTIs in Biomedika Hospital, started from January 2011 to June 2011. The data was analyzed to find out the comparison of bacterial sensitivity towards seftriaxone and sefotaxime.

Results: This research used a sample size of 66 patients. There were 35 male patients (53.1%) and 31 female patients (46.1%). The sample was dominated by adult patients with age range of 18-55 year-old, amounting to 72.7%. From the data obtained, the most common bacteria to cause urinary tract infections was gram-positive bacteria with a percentage of 51.9% which was followed by gram-negative bacteria with a percentage of 40.9%. Twenty one bacteria were found to be sensitive to ceftriaxone (31.8%), while 7 bacteria were sensitive to cefotaxime.

Conclusion: The sensitivity of UTI-causing bacteria to ceftriaxone and cefotaxime has a significant difference where the bacteria that cause UTIs have a better sensitivity to ceftriaxone as compared to cefotaxime.

Keywords: UTI, urinary tract infection, ceftriaxone, cefotaxime"

*I would lay it out this way – (Bearing in mind that you have mixed present and past tenses – you need to be consistent)

Background:
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are fairly common health problems found in medical practice. Antibiotics are often used as primary therapy to cope with urinary tract infections BUT THE use of antibiotics may be experiencing problems due to bacterial resistance to THEIR use.
Ceftriaxone and Cefotaxime are commonly used to treat urinary tract infections because of their broad spectrum of antibacterial activity WHICH includes gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria. With this study, IT WAS EXPECTED TO OBTAIN patterns of bacterial sensitivity towards ceftriaxone and cefotaxime so the use of insensitive antibiotics can be avoided to prevent ineffective antibiotic use.

Method:
This WAS a non-experimental descriptive-analytic study with cross-sectional analytic study design.
This research USED the Urine Culture and Bacterial Sensitivity Testing data result of the patients with UTIs in Biomedika Hospital, from January 2011 to June 2011. The data WAS analyzed to find out the comparison of bacterial sensitivity towards Seftriaxone and Sefotaxime.

Result:
This research used a sample size of 66 patients WITH 35 male patients (53.1%) and 31 female patients (46.1%).
The sample was dominated by adult patients with age range of 18-55 year-old, amounting to 72.7%. From the data obtained, the most common bacteria to cause urinary tract infections was gram-positive bacteria with a percentage of 51.9% which was followed by gram-negative bacteria with a percentage of 40.9%. Twenty one bacteria were found to be sensitive to Ceftriaxone (31.8%), while 7 bacteria were sensitive to Cefotaxime.

Conclusion:
The sensitivity of UTI-causing bacteria to Ceftriaxone and Cefotaxime HAD a significant difference where the bacteria that cause UTIs HAD a better sensitivity to Ceftriaxone as compared to Cefotaxime.

Keywords: UTI (urinary tract infection), Ceftriaxone, Cefotaxime"

*Good study – HOWEVER, I’m not convinced that is an Abstract in it’s present form, unless you have been advised to lay it out this way.

2 Responses to “Please, I need someone to help me to correct any grammatical errors in my research’s abstract.?”

  1. Jill 18. Aug, 2011 at 9:51 pm #

    Background: Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are fairly common health problems found in medical practice. Antibiotics are often prescribed as primary treatment of urinary tract infections. One may experience problems due to bacterial resistance to antibiotics being used. Ceftriaxone and cefotaxime have a broad spectrum of antibacterial activity that include gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria and are therefore commonly used to treat urinary tract infections. The current study seeks to obtain sensitivity of interactions with ceftriaxone and cefotaxime in order to prevent the ineffective use of insnesitive antibiotics.

    Methods: This is a non-experimental descriptive-analytic study with cross-sectional analytic study design. Urine cultures and bacterial sensitivity testing data results from patients suffering urinary tract infections in Biomedika Hospital from January to June 2011 were collected. The data was analyzed in order to compare bacterial sensitivity towards seftriaxone and sefotaxime.

    Results: This research used a sample size of 66 patients. There were 35 male patients (53.1%) and 31 female patients (46.1%). The sample consisted of adult patients within the age range of 18-55 years, amounting to 72.7%. According to the results, the most common bacteria to cause urinary tract infections was gram-positive bacteria with a percentage of 51.9%, followed by gram-negative bacteria with a percentage of 40.9%. Twenty one bacteria were found to be sensitive to ceftriaxone (31.8%), while 7 bacteria were sensitive to cefotaxime.

    Conclusion: The sensitivity of UTI-causing bacteria to ceftriaxone and cefotaxime has a significant difference where the bacteria that cause UTIs have a better sensitivity to ceftriaxone as compared to cefotaxime.

    Keywords: UTI, urinary tract infection, ceftriaxone, cefotaxime"
    References :

  2. frog 18. Aug, 2011 at 10:16 pm #

    *I would lay it out this way – (Bearing in mind that you have mixed present and past tenses – you need to be consistent)

    Background:
    Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are fairly common health problems found in medical practice. Antibiotics are often used as primary therapy to cope with urinary tract infections BUT THE use of antibiotics may be experiencing problems due to bacterial resistance to THEIR use.
    Ceftriaxone and Cefotaxime are commonly used to treat urinary tract infections because of their broad spectrum of antibacterial activity WHICH includes gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria. With this study, IT WAS EXPECTED TO OBTAIN patterns of bacterial sensitivity towards ceftriaxone and cefotaxime so the use of insensitive antibiotics can be avoided to prevent ineffective antibiotic use.

    Method:
    This WAS a non-experimental descriptive-analytic study with cross-sectional analytic study design.
    This research USED the Urine Culture and Bacterial Sensitivity Testing data result of the patients with UTIs in Biomedika Hospital, from January 2011 to June 2011. The data WAS analyzed to find out the comparison of bacterial sensitivity towards Seftriaxone and Sefotaxime.

    Result:
    This research used a sample size of 66 patients WITH 35 male patients (53.1%) and 31 female patients (46.1%).
    The sample was dominated by adult patients with age range of 18-55 year-old, amounting to 72.7%. From the data obtained, the most common bacteria to cause urinary tract infections was gram-positive bacteria with a percentage of 51.9% which was followed by gram-negative bacteria with a percentage of 40.9%. Twenty one bacteria were found to be sensitive to Ceftriaxone (31.8%), while 7 bacteria were sensitive to Cefotaxime.

    Conclusion:
    The sensitivity of UTI-causing bacteria to Ceftriaxone and Cefotaxime HAD a significant difference where the bacteria that cause UTIs HAD a better sensitivity to Ceftriaxone as compared to Cefotaxime.

    Keywords: UTI (urinary tract infection), Ceftriaxone, Cefotaxime"

    *Good study – HOWEVER, I’m not convinced that is an Abstract in it’s present form, unless you have been advised to lay it out this way.
    References :
    Educator

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